Archaeology in the News

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UncleBob
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Re: Archaeology in the News

Post by UncleBob » Tue Oct 30, 2018 8:27 am

"One man's theology is another man's belly laugh." - Robert A. Heinlein

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Re: Archaeology in the News

Post by sweetandsour » Tue Oct 30, 2018 9:41 am

Cool. Those PNW Indians were/are pretty cool folks.
I'm old but I'm happy. (Most of the time.)

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Re: Archaeology in the News

Post by UncleBob » Tue Oct 30, 2018 10:05 am

sweetandsour wrote:
Tue Oct 30, 2018 9:41 am
Cool. Those PNW Indians were/are pretty cool folks.
I was surprised that the prevailing belief was that the PNW folks got tobacco from the Europeans to begin with.
"One man's theology is another man's belly laugh." - Robert A. Heinlein

"Many of the points here, taken to their logical conclusions, don't hold up to logic; they're simply Godded-up ways of saying "I don't like that." - Skip

"Get your facts first, then you can distort them as you please." -Mark Twain

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Re: Archaeology in the News

Post by durangopipe » Tue Oct 30, 2018 10:28 am

UncleBob wrote:
Tue Oct 30, 2018 10:05 am
sweetandsour wrote:
Tue Oct 30, 2018 9:41 am
Cool. Those PNW Indians were/are pretty cool folks.
I was surprised that the prevailing belief was that the PNW folks got tobacco from the Europeans to begin with.
Me too.
I always thought they got tobacco from the Tinder Box in Tacoma
. . . be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God in Christ forgave you. Ephesians 4:32 (NKJV)

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Re: Archaeology in the News

Post by UncleBob » Tue Oct 30, 2018 11:37 am

durangopipe wrote:
Tue Oct 30, 2018 10:28 am
UncleBob wrote:
Tue Oct 30, 2018 10:05 am
sweetandsour wrote:
Tue Oct 30, 2018 9:41 am
Cool. Those PNW Indians were/are pretty cool folks.
I was surprised that the prevailing belief was that the PNW folks got tobacco from the Europeans to begin with.
Me too.
I always thought they got tobacco from the Tinder Box in Tacoma
Ah yes! The Golden Age of Pipe Smoking!
"One man's theology is another man's belly laugh." - Robert A. Heinlein

"Many of the points here, taken to their logical conclusions, don't hold up to logic; they're simply Godded-up ways of saying "I don't like that." - Skip

"Get your facts first, then you can distort them as you please." -Mark Twain

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Re: Archaeology in the News

Post by wosbald » Wed Nov 21, 2018 12:26 pm

+JMJ+

First Temple Beka Weight Unearthed in Jerusalem Sifting Project
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‘Beka’ weight from the First Temple period (Photo Credit: Eliyahu Yanai, City of David

During the sifting of archaeological soil in the Emek Tzurim National Park, under the auspices of the City of David Foundation, a tiny stone weight engraved with ancient Hebrew letters spelling the word Beka was unearthed.

The weight, which dates back to the First Temple period, was found in archaeological soil originating from the foot of Robinson’s Arch at the Western Wall, just north of the City of David. The soil was transferred from the excavation area to the sifting site in the Emek Tzurim National Park for careful sorting, during which the weight was uncovered.

The Beka weight was used to evaluate the half-shekel donation brought by the Jewish people for both the maintenance of the Temple and as a census, as described in the book of Exodus 38:26: “One Beka per head; [that is,] half a shekel, according to the holy shekel, for each one who goes through the counting, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred three thousand, five hundred and fifty [people].”

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‘Beka’ weight from the First Temple period (Photo Credit: Eliyahu Yanai, City of David)

Archaeologist Eli Shukron, who directed the excavations on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, explained: “When the half-shekel tax was brought to the Temple during the First Temple period, there were no coins, so they used silver ingots. In order to calculate the weight of these silver pieces they would put them on one side of the scales and on the other side they placed the Beka weight. The Beka was equivalent to the half-shekel, which every person from the age of twenty years and up was required to bring to the Temple.”

It should be noted that the biblical shekel weighed 11.33 grams. According to Shukron, “Beka weights from the First Temple period are rare; however this weight is even rarer, because the inscription on it is written in mirror script and the letters are engraved from left to right instead of right to left. It can therefore be concluded that the artist who engraved the inscription on the weight specialized in engraving seals, since seals were always written in mirror script so that once stamped the inscription would appear in regular legible script. “Apparently, the seal craftsman got confused when he engraved the inscription on the weight and mistakenly used mirror script as he was used to doing. From this mistake we can learn about the general rule: The artists who engraved weights during the First Temple period were the same artists who specialized in creating seals.”

[…]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PxDzd5r7zj8

[…]

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Re: Archaeology in the News

Post by tuttle » Tue Feb 05, 2019 9:34 am

"The Evangelium has not abrogated legends; it has hallowed them" -JRR Tolkien

"Better to die cheerfully with the aid of a little tobacco, than to live disagreeably and remorseful without." -CS Lewis

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Re: Archaeology in the News

Post by wosbald » Tue Apr 23, 2019 10:17 am

+JMJ+

England’s Jesuit-run Stonyhurst College yields its mystical treasures [In-Depth]
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St. Thomas More. (Credit: CNA)

CLITHEROE, United Kingdom — Through the wide windows of a rambling but stately grey stone building, the northern Lancashire countryside sweeps toward the Irish Sea in a maze of fields and woodlands.

Inside, spring sunlight plays over shelves and glass cases, containing faded books and ancient artifacts amassed over four centuries.

When Stonyhurst College was founded at Saint-Omer in the Spanish Netherlands by the recusant Jesuit Father Robert Persons in 1593, persecuted Catholic priests faced a mandatory death sentence if caught ministering in England.

More than four centuries later, Stonyhurst, the world’s oldest Jesuit school, houses a remarkable collection of relics relating to the country’s many martyrs.

“Many things were being destroyed in Reformation England, so when Catholic boys came abroad to the school, they’d bring vestments, manuscripts and precious objects for safe keeping,” explained Jan Graffius, the collection’s curator.

“This makes us part of the story and means we know what it was like to be targeted,” she said. “At a time when people know little about the struggles of the past, these relics provide a graphic reminder of what Catholics faced in upholding their faith.”

Under a nearby glass cover lie two time-worn hats once sported by St. Thomas More (1478-1535), the English chancellor beheaded for refusing to accept his church’s break with Rome. There’s also a red velvet Book of Hours carried by Mary Queen of Scots to her execution at Fotheringay Castle in 1587.

Upstairs, a lavish Florentine cloak worn by King Henry VIII during his 1520 meeting with the French king at the Field of the Cloth of Gold is displayed alongside the rope which bound St. Edmund Campion, the Jesuit who was hanged, drawn and quartered for high treason at Tyburn in 1581.

In 1794, when the school was forced to flee the French Revolution, its collection was already extensive. It was lucky to have the current site donated by a former student, Thomas Weld, father of Cardinal Thomas Weld (1773-1837).

The Stonyhurst Collection, now being opened to visitors, has continued expanding.

Its earliest exhibits include a piece of jawbone, documented to early medieval times, said to come from St. Stephen. its most recent relic is a piece of the bloodied vestment worn by St. Oscar Romero of El Salvador when he was assassinated March 24, 1980, while celebrating Mass.

“The idea is to provide an accessible public resource with a narrative tracing back 2,000 years,” Graffius said.

“These objects tell their own stories, and people engaging with them can feel uncomfortable, even revolted. But no one remains indifferent and everyone has questions to ask,” she added.

[…]

ImageImage

"[T]he emergency of irregular migration has to be met with justice, solidarity and mercy. Forms of collective expulsion, which do not allow for the suitable treatment of individual cases, are unacceptable."
— Pope Francis, Morocco

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