gaining_age wrote: ↑
Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:18 pm
Aristotle-- a man known for his great thinking breadth. He had something to say about everything. Unfortunately he is known for being mostly wrong on his topics. Every subject seems to go back to him and then indicate "he was wrong but he was first".
Leonardo -- a man known as the epitome as "The Renaissance man". That means he was knowledgeable across all the known disciplines and a major contributor to them. Inventor, painter, architect, scientist, etc. he had involvement in them all and showed mastery-- later folks would turn his design into function: parachutes, tanks, gliders, etc.
Wait.... What was Aristotle wrong about?
Was he actually "wrong" about anything, or is that just a slander that the Enlightenment hurled against him for deriving so many Christian truths by using Reason alone?
Just had a chat with Pipeson. Aristotle used the scientific method as we know it
to reach valid conclusions within his grasp. We don't dismiss the great work of thermodynamicists in the 19th century just because they were not aware of relativistic physics discovered in the 20th century.
The Enlightenment had a notion of spontaneous generation that has been proved false. But Aristotle's version is more philosophical, and remains a topic of discussion.
Aristotle dissected eels and transplanted.... he failed to find sexual organs in the eels and the clams refused to reproduce in the new environment. Like a good scientist, he reported that he was unable to disprove the theory of spontaneous generation.
Geocentric v. Heliocentric:
As conveniently as the heliocentric theory explained the motion of planets, the inability to observe parallax in the stars failed to disprove the geocentric theory. It remained a topic of valid dispute until Copernicus and Galileo.
Nature abhors a vacuum:
What Aristotle knew was that nature cannot tolerate a VOID
.... a place of no-space. Modern physicists agree -- 'empty space' is constantly twinkling with virtual particles that wink in and out of existence.
It was really another blunder of the Enlightenment, confusing a volume of low pressure with Aristotle's Void.
Pipeson notes that Leonardo "wrote his own press releases." He is a modern man who has always been with us.
There were a plethora of Leonardoes in the Age of Rome who were lost -- we remember the name of Archimedes, but few of his inventions. We still cannot recreate the enduring wonder of Roman concrete. One wonders if Leonardo da Vinci could have endured a Dark Age.
Aristotle was lost
. Yet he survived through the Dark Age within the Moslem culture, and was re-discovered as a bright light of ancient wisdom. Aristotle -- He returned from the grave after a millennium and still shined again as brightly as he did in Athens.